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Civil War Lecture on the Battle of Chickamauga
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After the successful Tullahoma Campaign, Maj. Gen.
William Rosecrans continued the Union offensive. Through a series of
skillful marches towards the Confederate-held city, Rosecrans forced Bragg
out of Chattanooga and into Georgia. Determined to reoccupy the city, Bragg
followed the Federals north. Fighting began in earnest on the morning of
September 19, 1863 near Chickamauga Creek. Bragg’s men heavily assaulted
Rosecrans’ line, but the Union line held. Fighting resumed the following
day. That afternoon, eight fresh brigades from the Army of Northern Virginia
under Lieut. Gen. James Longstreet exploited gap in the Federal line, driving
one-third of the Rosecrans’ army, including Rosecrans himself, from the
field. Only a portion of the Federal army under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas,
staved off disaster by holding Horseshoe Ridge against repeated assaults,
allowing the Yankees withdraw after nightfall. The defeated Union troops
retreated to Chattanooga where they remained until late November. The talk
will be by Dave Powell.